Setting up AWS CodePipeline to automatically trigger scans

To trigger CodeBuild to run the scan automatically on each new commit in your CfnGoat GitHub repository, we’ll need to configure AWS CodePipeline. You can skip this step, but if you do, you’ll only be able to run manual scans from the CodeBuild UI, AWS CLI, or APIs, which doesn’t provide the DevSecOps automation we’re looking for!

To set it up, go to AWS CodePipeline and select Create Pipeline:

AWS CodePipeline

After giving the pipeline a name, (scan-cfngoat-pipeline) select Next.

AWS CodePipeline Setup

Choose Github (Version 2) as the source provider.

AWS CodePipeline Setup

As CodeBuild and CodePipeline are different tools, you’ll also need to authorize CodePipeline to your GitHub account, select Connect to Github and follow the authorization redirects in the popup window.

Give the Github Connection a name:

AWS CodePipeline Github Connection

AWS CodePipeline Github Authorize

Select which Github Repositories you want CodePipeline to receive events for, in this case, i’ve just selected the CfnGoat repository.

AWS CodePipeline Github Authorize AWS CodePipeline Github Authorize

Once you’ve authorized GitHub, select Install a new app to finalize the GitHub integration and select Connect:

AWS CodePipeline Github Authorize

The CodePipeline screen should refresh with a green Sucessfully connected to GitHub message:

AWS CodePipeline Github connected OK

Now that CodePipeline has access to our GitHub repository, we can select it as the pipeline source. Select the master (or main branch) to have our pipeline run when commits to this branch occur and Full clone:

AWS CodePipeline Select Repo

Instruct CodePipeline to trigger our CodeBuild

When CodePipeline sees a new commit in our GitHub repository, it will trigger a build action. To set this to be our CodeBuild commands, select the same region as the CodeBuild project, then select the CodeBuild project, bridgecrew-tutorial.

Leave the default of Single Build selected and select Next

AWS CodePipeline Select Repo

On the next screen, select Skip deploy stage. We don’t want to deploy our CfnGoat CloudFormation to AWS as we’re just highlighting how to stop a build from progressing if there are security violations!

AWS CodePipeline Select Repo

Copy the ARN from under “ConnectionArn” under “Step 2: Add source stage.” In the example above it’s arn:aws:codestar-connections:us-east-1:714....

AWS CodePipeline Select Repo

Now go to the AWS IAM dashboard, click on Roles and search for the role created by CodePipeline (“cfngoat” should help you find it.). Click on that role.

CFN IAM role

Under Add permissions click on Attach policies then Create policies. Click on JSON and fill in the following, replacing the ARN with your ARN from CodePipeline (should still be in your clipboard).

    "Version": "2012-10-17",
    "Statement": [
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": "codestar-connections:UseConnection",
            "Resource": "insert connection ARN here"

IAM Role

Don’t worry about tags. Give your policy a name like connection-permissions and then Create policy. Return to the IAM page where you were attaching permissions, refresh the policy list, and select the policy you just created. Choose Attach policies.

IAM policy attach

Finally, go back to your CodePipeline and select Create pipeline on the review page, which will trigger your new CodePipeline to immediately run against the latest commit in our CfnGoat repository:

AWS CodePipeline Select Repo

Now we don’t need to manually run the Bridgecrew CLI; your developers will get a Bridgecrew scan every time they commit!